Charmaine is a Governance and Peacebuilding Specialist, who has specialised in women's political participation, parliamentary and political party development, constitutional reform, anti-corruption, freedom of information and human rights. She has worked in a range of development settings, including post-conflict contexts, and has broadly focused on supporting inclusive political processes, with a particular emphasis on improving women's participation. Most recently, Charmaine was the UNDP Global Constitutional Assistance and Political Dialogue Specialist and before that was the UNDP Global Crisis Governance (Inclusive Political Processes) Specialist in UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis and Recovery. Prior to joining UNDP headquarters, Charmaine was the regional Democratic Institutions and Accountability Specialist at the UNDP Pacific Centre for more than five years. In this position, she worked on a similarly broad political governance portfolio, in particular, designing UNDP's regional women's political participation programme. In this role, she authored a number of publications on women's campaining strategies, temporary special measures and pariamentary inclusion and gender. She also initiated the first-ever national Mock Parliaments for Women in the region with the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat. Prior to joining UNDP, Charmaine was the Right to Information Coordinator from 2003-2006 at the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, and worked with numerous to promote civil society engagement with Governments through advocacy to open up spaces and accessing information. Before working with CHRI, Charmaine was a Programme Officer with the Australian Agency for International Development from 2001-2003. She is a trained lawyer, and practised in Melbourne from 1998-99.