Fred Abrahams oversees Human Rights Watch’s research training and standards and supervises work by the Crisis and Conflict and Technology divisions. He has documented human rights and laws-of-war violations in places such as Albania, Bangladesh, Iraq, Kosovo, Lebanon, Libya, Sri Lanka, Syria and Israel, Gaza and the West Bank. He has authored numerous reports, articles and opinion pieces on human rights and co-authored A Village Destroyed: War Crimes in Kosovo (University of California Press, 2002). His book, Modern Albania: From Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe (NYU Press, 2015), describes the fall of communism and turbulent transition in Albania. Abrahams has a bachelor's degree in German and International Studies from Washington University and a master's in International Affairs from Columbia University. He speaks German and Albanian.